Last Updated on January 13, 2021 by Nina Ahmedow
If you’re visiting Poland’s second-largest city then a trip to Auschwitz from Krakow is an absolute must. But there are some things you need to know before you go. In this post, I’m covering some background information and the rules for visiting Auschwitz.
Growing up in Germany, I have been reading about the Jewish Holocaust since I was a child. From what I remember, the subject came up in our school curriculum every one to two years. As young people living in Germany, it was an obligation for us to learn about what the country we called home was responsible for and what made these horrible crimes possible. From that same age, I remember feeling more interested in this part of world history than most of my classmates, and I believe this was due to two main factors:
- As a child from a “mixed marriage,” (with one German and one non-German parent) I have always felt out of place in Germany and very empathetic towards other marginalized communities.
- From a very young age, my father had been telling me about the discrimination against Jews that he had observed in his home country Bulgaria and other parts of the world. My great-grandmother sheltered Jews during the Second World War when Bulgaria sided with Germany. Muslims and Jews were known to have had good relations throughout the Balkans, as was apparent from my own family’s interaction with Jews.
I recently found out that my maternal grandfather was probably half-Jewish adding even another layer to my interest in all things Jewish. Having been somewhat obsessed with Jewish history for decades, it was only a matter of time until I would eventually choose to tour Auschwitz concentration camp. There are several Nazi concentration camps you can visit, but Auschwitz-Birkenau was the deadliest one with the Nazis murdering more than a million people here.
When people talk about Auschwitz-Birkenau they usually refer to the two main camps. But, in fact, there was an entire network of 48 concentration and extermination camps in the vicinity of the Polish town of Oświęcim. I had previously visited the Neuengamme concentration camp in Hamburg, Germany, but that visit was not enough to prepare me for my tour of Auschwitz.
Organizing Your Trip to Auschwitz From Krakow
Before I continue to talk about my experience at the two concentration camps, let me give you some suggestions on organizing your trip to Auschwitz from Krakow. I found it quite challenging to arrange our tour of Auschwitz. Due to the enormous number of visitors every day (9,000 people visit the museums and memorial daily), the museum had to introduce an online registration system which means that you now have to reserve your tickets to Auschwitz I several weeks in advance.
Admission to both camps is free of charge, but you do need an entry pass to Auschwitz I. The problem is that a number of tour operators reserve most of these free tickets and sell them to visitors who haven’t booked their tickets in advance. We experienced the same thing and ended up having to pay for free tickets. While these tours include transportation, you could very easily use public transportation to reach the camps.
Booking a tour that includes a guide is even more expensive. The advantage of getting a guide is obvious: You will have somebody there with you who can explain things to you. The disadvantage is that the guide will follow a set schedule and may even leave out things that are of particular interest to you. If you read any of the reviews online, you will see that many people find these guided tours to be too rushed.
The same is true, however, if you book an unguided tour with an external tour operator. Unfortunately, we were given only two hours at Auschwitz I and one and a half hours at Auschwitz II-Birkenau. For us, this was not enough time. The whole visit was quite rushed, and we even missed some things. I would personally like to go back and schedule more time to tour Auschwitz concentration camp, but now I know that I will have to organize this way in advance.
I highly recommend you reserve your tickets without a guide significantly ahead of time for the following reasons:
- entrance will be completely free of charge,
- you can spend as much time as you want at the camps and specific exhibitions,
- the shuttle bus from Auschwitz I to Auschwitz II-Birkenau is entirely free of charge,
- the camps can be reached easily by public transport from Krakow in under two hours.
I think that if you are serious about your trip to Auschwitz from Krakow, you will benefit a lot more from a free, unguided tour so make sure you register ahead of time.
How to Tour Auschwitz Concentration Camp
Aside from the gruesome subject matter which will break your heart, another issue is how other people approach the museum. Unfortunately, not everyone treats the place with the respect it deserves or follows the rules for visiting Auschwitz. Let me remind you that the Nazis murdered more than a million people here.
Of course, seeing the gas chambers and the barracks in which women and children were left to die, is not easy to digest. Everyone deals with this differently, but taking selfies or rushing through the buildings only to have ticked a tour of Auschwitz off your list cannot be an appropriate way to handle this.
Most people will not have the time to enter every single exhibition at the camps. The museum dedicates different buildings to different nationalities (Polish victims, Belgians, Hungarian Jews, the European Sinti and Roma, etc.), and unless you spend two full days to tour the Auschwitz concentration camp, you probably won’t be able to see all of them and read every single description.
Despite the various exhibitions, a tour of Auschwitz is not your average museum visit. The most powerful and painful aspects of visiting the concentration camps are those buildings that were left untouched, such as the gas chambers, as well as original artifacts like shoes, glasses, and suitcases.
The museums serve as a reminder of the horrific crimes against humanity that were committed here. Unfortunately, similar things have been happening since, and it seems that our species is not willing to learn from the past. Nonetheless, those of us who want to remember the victims need to go to the original locations for a better understanding of what happened. While I don’t think there’s a point in forcing people to visit, I think most people who choose to tour Auschwitz concentration camp learn valuable lessons there.
Rules for Visiting Auschwitz
Many people who make the trip to Auschwitz from Krakow wonder if there are any specific rules. But there are surprisingly few rules for people who tour Auschwitz concentration camp which is perhaps why so many people behave disrespectfully at the memorial site.
One recommendation is that children under the age of 14 do not visit Auschwitz concentration camp. I understand that people who travel with children may still want to visit the site. But I really don’t think this is the right place to bring children who do not understand the subject matter, who might get bored, who will jump around and behave in a way that doesn’t respect the memory of the people murdered here. Before bringing your children to a tour of Auschwitz, remember that children were murdered here.
Aside from this recommendation, there are a few rules for visiting Auschwitz that you should follow. The first guideline speaks to respectful behavior and dress. While there isn’t a clear rule on what you cannot wear when you tour Auschwitz concentration camp it’s best to leave the beach or party outfits to other parts of your vacation. Likewise, it’s best to avoid prints that don’t align with the atmosphere at a memorial site.
Further, the rules for visiting Auschwitz prohibit eating, drinking alcohol, or smoking. Now, if you spend a whole day at Auschwitz you will definitely need to eat. But I suggest eating a nourishing breakfast before you make the trip to Auschwitz from Krakow (there are many vegan restaurants in Krakow). Bring a sandwich or another snack you can eat when you arrive in Oświęcim before you enter the concentration camps themselves. And after your tour of Auschwitz I you can have another snack at the cafeteria.
The cafeteria had a very basic vegan sandwich when we were there. And although you will not feel like you are capable of eating, you will probably need the energy to continue the tour of Auschwitz II-Birkenau.
Other rules for visiting Auschwitz stipulate that you shouldn’t listen to or make music while you tour Auschwitz concentration camp and that you cannot engage in Holocaust denial or promote any type of totalitarian rule. You can find all regulations for your tour of Auschwitz in this document by the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum.
I have to say that I’ve seen a few people break these rules for visiting Auschwitz so they don’t really seem to be enforced. But in order to show the necessary respect when you tour Auschwitz concentration camp I highly suggest following them.
Why You Should Go on a Tour of Auschwitz
The Nazi persecution of Jews, Roma, homosexuals, political opponents, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Slavs, and people with mental or physical disabilities is something that should concern everyone, now more than ever, as many societies all over the world are moving dangerously close to inhumane worldviews. I believe anyone who is interested in human rights and different social and political justice issues will benefit from a trip to Auschwitz from Krakow. (Read my post about Vilnius and how shocked I was at their “genocide” museum.)
Have you made the trip to Auschwitz from Krakow? Do you think it’s a valuable educational experience? Did you know the rules for visiting Auschwitz?